What does the Notification “badge” on MacOS System Preferences icon really mean?

If you have recently upgraded your MacOS laptop/desktop to 10.12.14, you will have noticed that now the System Preferences icon in the doc shows a mysterious “notification badge”: Just opening System Preferences shows absolutely no clue as to where the notification is coming from, nor what to do about it. It turns out that Apple … More What does the Notification “badge” on MacOS System Preferences icon really mean?